Cultural Heritage

The rural, vernacular and military heritage of the area forms an important cultural landscape, with human activity attempting to make the most of the difficult conditions and limited resources available. The cultural features of the area are intimately linked to the geographical landscape in which they are situated.

Various features of cultural interest that merit conservation lie within the boundaries of the Park. These features include cart-ruts, long rubble walls (dry stone walls), farmhouses, small beehives, tombs dating to the Classical period and numerous corbelled stone huts (giren). On the two sides of the valley overlooking Golden Bay (Ir-Ramla tal-Mixquqa), there are entrenchments built as part of a coastal defence system during the period of the Knights of St John in the early eighteenth century.

Of more recent origin are the Second World War pillboxes/gunposts and British Navy stone markers which highlight the importance of the area especially in the early 20th century. Two large sets of military barracks used during the British period as well as a disused military shooting range lie just outside the confines of the Park. During the first World War, wounded soldiers from the Battle of the Dardanelles (Battle of Gallipoli) were brought to a large hospital camp erected in this area.